In the motor compartment of a Volvo 850 T-5R there are four locations holding information about your car.

A. The Product plate / VIN plate
B. The body code plate
C. The VIN (punched into the body)
D. Plate with VIN riveted onto the top of the dashboard (USA and Canada only)


A. The Product plate.



1: Approval code.

Each country has its own rules concerning approval of the car in their territory. This approval is determined by at least active- and passive safety, emissions and with environmental protection. Since 1998 the WVTA (Whole Vehicle Type Approval) is organized the same way in Europe. The USA/Canada and Australia have their own rules and code. Since the approval for the T-5R was determined in 1994 most of the European countries still had their own approval codes.

– For S there is no approvalcode for the Estate

– For GB there is 0570705V for the Sedan

– For NL it is 94-4178 for the Sedan and 94-4181 for the Estate


– For D it is … for the Sedan and ABE NR G306 or B-2102 for the Estate

– For I it is DGM 5253276 OM for the Sedan and DGM 53276 OM for the Estate


– For AU it is BUILT DATE JUL 94 (for example) for the Sedan


In Australia there is also a special plate mounted next to the product plate with a standard text and the VIN again. Every car in Australia seems to have this plate.


2: VIN (Vehicle Identification Number)


– a: Brand

YV1 = Volvo (Y = Sweden, V1 = Volvo)

– b: Production platform

L = P80
(850, S70, V70(XC) classic, C70 classic Coupe & Convertible)

– c: Model

S = Sedan
W= Wagon

– d: Engine code

58 = 2,3 liter B5234T5
47 = 2.0 liter B5204T (only for the Italian market)

– e: Emission code

0 or 1

The first T-5R’s had emission code 1.
The main batch of cars, produced after week 40 of 1994, had emission code 0.
(Significance unknown).

– f: (USA/Canada:) Control digit

In the USA and Canada VIN’s are build according to a slight other standard compared to other countries. Position f holds a control digit build from the other codes in the VIN. Her is how this digit is calculated. Each symbol from the VIN is decoded to a figure. (f.e. C will be 3). Each symbol from the VIN also has a multiplication factor. Each decoded figure is multiplied with the corresponding factor resulting is a product for each VIN symbol. The products are added and the sum is divide by 11. The rest of the division is the control value.


How to determine the value of the control digit
the sum of the products in this example is 337. So 337 / 11 = 30 rest 7

– f: (elsewhere:) Gearbox

2 = M56 Manual gearbox
6 = AW50-42 Automatic gearbox


Decalls attached to both gearboxes


– g: Model year

S = 1995
T = 1996
0 = France

– h: Factory code

2 = Gent, Belgium

– i: Chassis number

6 figures in the following ranges:

MY 1995:
Sedan: 175000 – 267000
Wagon: 078000 – 171000

MY 1996:
Sedan: 267000 – 355000
Wagon: 171000 – 275000

3: Maximum weight including load

Estate: 1970 kg
Sedan: 1930 kg

4: Maximum weight including load and trailer

Estate: 3570 kg
Sedan: 3530 kg
The early cars had no value here (obviously the T-5R wasn’t supposed to be a towing car)

5: Maximum load on front axle

Estate: 1040 kg
Sedan: 1040 kg

6: Maximum load on rear axle

Estate: 1010 kg
Sedan: 900 kg

7: Market code

Amount of Volvo 850 T-5R’s Engine types
Market code Market name Delivered in 47 58
10 Sweden Baltic States 10
Denmark 40
Netherlands 1
Norway 15
Russia 3
Sweden 321
US Special Sales 3
VCC Design 30
VCI System 57
13 Finland Finland 77
15 Great Brittain BeNeLux 1
UK United Kingdom 440
VCI System 103
18 Germany Austria 81
Bulgaria 6
Czech rep 6
Germany 1433
Spain 185
Switzerland 180
VCC Design 11
VCI System 49
20 Belgium BeNeLux 485
Poland 1
22 France France 92
24 Italy Greece 1
Italy 914
BeNeLux 1
Portugal 16
31 California BeNeLux 1
Puerto Rico 1
US Midwest 246
US Northern 167
US Southern 186
US Special Sales 33
US Western 337
VCC Design 3
VCI System 134
39 Canada Canada 103
40 Singapore Brunei 7
Singapore 25
41 Korea Korea 7
43 Saudi Arabia Kuwait 5
Pan Arabic 60
Qatar 7
Saudi Arabia 141
UAE 34
44 Hong Kong Brunei 2
Hong Kong 30
Thailand 10
45 Taiwan Taiwan 54
VCC Design 1
46 Australia Australia 43
New Zealand 3
47 South Africa VCI System 17
50 Japan Japan 749
VCC Design 2
Total 914 6057
Source: Volvo


8: Upholstery code / Interior code

For the T-5R it is always: 3871

3 – Specific for the 850
8 – Leader/Alcantara
7 – Gray and Dark Gray
1 – for all T-5R’s it is 1.


9: Colour code

The code contains the code for the colour, the code for the paint manufacturer and the code for the type of paint.

Production colourcodes for the T-5R are:

607-11, 019-11, 421-41

607 = Cream Yellow
019 = Stone Black
421 = Dark Olive Pearl

11 = produced by BASF/Glasurit and the paint is Solvent based.
41 = produced by IDAC/Dupont and the paint is Solvent based.


10: Special vehicle code

The three grey T-5R’s have a special vehicle code 08447. This must be related to the non-standard colour.


11: Chassis codes

Source: Parts Catalog 850-series ed. 9-1997 – Group 72


-j: Spring front / Shock absorber front

S2 = Manual Gearbox ?
S3 = Automatic Gearbox ?

-k: Anti-roll bar, front

Y = -21 mm

-l: Shock absorber, rear

H = 271904-5
E = 271832-8

-m: Spring, rear

A = standard 4 doors
G = 4 doors
J = 4 doors
K = 5 doors

-n: Anti-roll bar, rear

20.8 mm Nivomat lower chassis
N = 9191462-2
P = 9191461-4

-o: Bump rubber (front/rear) Combination auxiliary spring, front

S = Not Lowered
L = Lowered



Example product plate. Cream Yellow 850 T-5R Sedan, originally delivered in the Netherlands.


B: Body code


Example of the plate with the body code from a CY Sedan

In the Gent factory there are three product areas. Gent A for body assembly where the colorless body is produced. Gent B where the body is painted and Gent C where the car is assembled.

During the Gent A process the body gets a body number. It is a plate attached with two screws near the left front strut holding an unique body number. In the Gent B process this number will be painted too. The body number is there to follow the specific body during the process and to build it according the specifications.

When the body enters the Gent C process it gets its final identification with the product plate. Source: Tom, former employee from the Gent plant.

C. The VIN, puched in the body.


Example of the punched VIN into the body of a CY Sedan


D. Plate with VIN riveted onto the top of the dashboard (USA and Canada only)



Thanks to:

Several resources on the internet and:

Mick, CY Sedan (46)

Tom, Volvo


Teemu, Grey Sedan (43)

Alan, CY Sedan (15)

Tom, CY Sedan ( )

Sander, CY Estate (18)
Vincent, DOP Estate (20)
Maurice, DOP Sedan (20)
Jan, CY Estate (18)
Jan, CY Sedan (20)
Jeffrey, CY Estate (18)
Dennis, CY Estate (10)
Rens, Sedan (24)
Mark, CY Estate

Hans, Volvo

Nick, CY Sedan ( )

Please mail me an image of your VIN-plate (and other plates if any) if the information adds something new to the information above (data from a lot of countries is still missing). You can blur the last three digits of your VIN if you like. That’s the way to keep your car anonimous. I will not publish anything trackable without your permission.

If you can fill in the blanks, your information is very welcome too !!


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